- Smoking, drinking, and drug use in young adulthood: The impacts of new freedoms and new responsibilities
Author: Bachman, J. G., Wadsworth, K. N., O'Malley, P. M.,
Publisher: Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum
ABSTRACT: Book Series Title: Research monographs in adolescence This book focuses on transitions into young adulthood. Here [the authors] examine key roles and experiences of young adulthood — involving a wide range of new freedoms and new responsibilities — and how they are related to changes in drug use. [The authors'] findings are based on the nationwide Monitoring the Future project, and represent the majority of individuals who entered young adulthood in the US during the past 2 decades (i.e., the high-school classes of 1976 through 1994). We have tracked [33,000] young [adults]..., surveying them throughout their 20s and into their 30s. We have asked our respondents about their schooling, employment, living arrangements, marriages, pregnancies, parenthood, and even their divorces.
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Organization: National Institutes of Health
Type of Site: government
Contact: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA); 6000 Executive Boulevard — Willco Building ; Bethesda, Maryland 20892-7003; firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT: The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports and conducts biomedical and behavioral research on the causes, consequences, treatment, and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems. NIAAA also provides leadership in the national effort to reduce the severe and often fatal consequences of these problems by: conducting and supporting research directed at determining the causes of alcoholism, discovering how alcohol damages the organs of the body, and developing prevention and treatment strategies for application in the Nation's health care system; supporting and conducting research across a wide range of scientific areas including genetics, neuroscience, medical consequences, medication development, prevention, and treatment through the award of grants and within the NIAAA's intramural research program; conducting policy studies that have broad implications for alcohol problem prevention, treatment and rehabilitation activities; conducting epidemiological studies such as national and community surveys to assess risks for and magnitude of alcohol-related problems among various population groups; collaborating with other research institutes and Federal programs relevant to alcohol abuse and alcoholism, and providing coordination for Federal alcohol abuse and alcoholism research activities; maintaining continuing relationships with institutions and professional associations; with international, national, state and local officials; and voluntary agencies and organizations engaged in alcohol-related work; and disseminating research findings to health care providers, researchers, policymakers, and the public. NIAAA is one of 18 institutes that comprise the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the principal biomedical research agency of the Federal Government. NIH is a component of the Public Health Service within the Department of Health and Human Services.
- Stop Underage Drinking
Organization: Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Prevention of Underage Drinking (ICCPUD)
Type of Site: organization
ABSTRACT: This site includes links to many publications about alcohol.
- Parent-based intervention strategies to reduce adolescent alcohol-impaired driving
Author: Jaccard, J., & Turrisi, R.
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Volume: Supp 13
ABSTRACT: Reviews selected issues to consider when designing parent-based interventions for reducing alcohol-impaired driving in adolescent populations, and presents a theoretical framework for analyzing such behavior. The existing literature on alcohol-impaired driving and parent influences is considered, based on a literature review of contemporary social science journals. Data also are presented from a survey of junior and senior high school students in New York. Parent-based approaches are promising and represent an additional tool in the armament of strategies to reduce alcohol-impaired driving. Programs should (1) focus on variables that are amenable to change (i.e., cognitions and attitudes), (2) conduct preliminary studies to isolate relevant attitudes and cognitions for the target population of interest, (3) formulate strategies that recognize the numerous demands in a parent's life and (4) take into account existing theoretical frameworks on alcohol-impaired driving in adolescents.
- Getting drunk and growing up: Trajectories of frequent binge drinking during the transition to adulthood
Author: Schulenberg, J., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Wadsworth, K. N., & Johnston, L. D.
Journal: Journal of Studies on Alcohol Volume: 57
ABSTRACT: Identified different trajectories of frequent binge drinking during the transition to young adulthood. Four waves of national panel data were obtained from the Monitoring the Future project. 9,945 weighted cases from 1976-85 high school senior year cohorts were surveyed at biennial intervals between ages 18 and 24. Six distinct frequent binge drinking trajectory groups were confirmed: Never, Rare, Chronic, Decreased, Increased and "Fling." Repeated measures ANOVAs revealed that the trajectories corresponded to patterns of change and stability in problems with alcohol, attitudes about heavy drinking, peer heavy drinking and illicit drug use. The findings provide strong evidence for wide developmental variation in drinking patterns in the population, as the developmental variation in frequent binge drinking trajectories reflects systematic variation in success and difficulties in negotiating the transition to young adulthood.